Muslims have a perspective on Jesus compared to Christians and their beliefs are profound based on evidence from the Quran and Hadith. Here are some key points explaining why Muslims do not believe in Jesus as the Son of God:
Belief in Monotheism
Islam is centered around the belief in one God (Allah), Who is considered the creator and sustainer of the universe. Muslims firmly reject the notion of Jesus being the Son of God because it contradicts their belief in monotheism and suggests the existence of deities.
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
He has never had offspring, nor was He born.Surah Ikhlas 112:3
The Quran’s Perspective on Jesus
The Quran which serves as every Muslim’s guidance contains passages discussing Jesus and his role as a prophet from God.
According to these teachings Jesus is regarded as an individual who was brought into existence through God’s Word and placed within Mary through intervention.
Allah mentions in the Quran in Surah Al’Imran how Jesus was destined to be the Messiah and Lived a life until God took him up to heaven:
45. The Angels said, “O Mary, God gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, well-esteemed in this world and the next, and one of the nearest.
46. He will speak to the people from the crib, and in adulthood, and will be one of the righteous.”
47. She said, “My Lord, how can I have a child, when no man has touched me?” He said, “It will be so. God creates whatever He wills. To have anything done, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is.”
48. And He will teach him the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.
49. A messenger to the Children of Israel: “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. I make for you out of clay the figure of a bird; then I breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by God’s leave. And I heal the blind and the leprous, and I revive the dead, by God’s leave. And I inform you concerning what you eat, and what you store in your homes. In that is a sign for you, if you are believers.”
50. “And verifying what lies before me of the Torah, and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. I have come to you with a sign from your Lord; so fear God, and obey me.”
51. “God is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path.”
52. When Jesus sensed disbelief on their part, he said, “Who are my allies towards God?” The disciples said, “We are God’s allies; we have believed in God, and bear witness that we submit.”
53. “Our Lord, we have believed in what You have revealed, and we have followed the Messenger, so count us among the witnesses.”
54. They planned, and God planned; but God is the Best of planners.
55. God said, “O Jesus, I am terminating your life, and raising you to Me, and clearing you of those who disbelieve. And I will make those who follow you superior to those who disbelieve, until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return; then I will judge between you regarding what you were disputing.Quran Al’ Imran 3:45-55
The Quran also urges Muslims to have faith in the scriptures that were revealed to Jesus and embrace the message conveyed by the Gospel or Injîl (which refers to the New Testament).
Jesus as a Prophet, Not the Son of God
Muslims stick to the belief that Jesus was a prophet born of a virgin and did not experience resurrection or proclaim himself as divine. In Islam, Jesus is regarded as a messenger of God to prophets like Abraham, Moses, and David.
The Quran specifically emphasizes that Jesus was considered a Messenger of God and the Son of Mary;
“O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion, and do not say about God except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, is the Messenger of God, and His Word that He conveyed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him…”Quran 4:171
Rejection of the Trinity
Muslims reject the concept of the Trinity which encompasses the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as they believe it distorts the belief in one God.
They disbelieve those who say, “God is the third of three.” But there is no deity except the One God. If they do not refrain from what they say, a painful torment will befall those among them who disbelieve.Quran 5:73
In conclusion, Muslims do not believe that Jesus is the Son of God because their religion is based on the belief in one God and the teachings of the Quran which emphasize Jesus as a prophet of God rather than the Son of God.
Muslims reject the concept of the Trinity and argue that the Bible and the Quran both teach that Jesus is not divine.