The Islamic view on gambling has never been a subject of debate among Muslims because Islam forbade any form of gambling. One particular aspect that requires scrutiny is the game of dice.
We are going to discuss two or three reasons that make playing a dice game haram in Islam according to the Quran and Hadith.
The Prohibition of Gambling
Islam strictly prohibits gambling in all its forms, including playing dice. The Quran condemns gambling as a practice that fosters animosity and hatred among people.
Surah Al Maidah (5:90-91) states:
90. “O you who believe! Intoxicants, gambling, idolatry, and divination are abominations of Satan’s doing. Avoid them, so that you may prosper.
91. Satan wants to provoke strife and hatred among you through intoxicants and gambling, and to prevent you from the remembrance of God, and from prayer. Will you not desist?”Surah Al Maidah (5:90-91)
This verse unequivocally declares that gambling, including playing dice games is an abomination associated with Satan’s influence and should be abstained from.
It is also an avenue that Satan aims to sow discord and enmity among individuals by promoting gambling which goes against the principles of Islam.
Dice Game and its condemnation in Hadiths
There are Hadiths that express disapproval towards gambling including the act of playing dice. According to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad “Whoever plays games of dice has disobeyed Allah and His Messenger. ” – (Muwatta Imam Malik)
This particular Hadith makes it clear that gambling including dice games is considered a form of disbelief in Islam.
Another narration by Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) advised against betting on a pair of dice by saying;
“Someone who plays dice for a bet is like a person who eats pig meat. Someone who plays it without betting is like someone who washes his hands in pig’s blood.”Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1277
This particular Hadith discourages individuals from placing bets on the outcome of a dice game as it goes against the principles of faith.
The reason behind the prohibition of Dice Game
The prohibition on gambling and playing dice stems from its association with deception and its potential for bringing about harm. Gambling entails taking risks based on chance which contradicts principles.
Playing dice games may often lead to addiction and financial ruin— consequences that are detrimental to both individuals and society.
Engaging in gambling can be seen as unfair and unjust because it entails taking money from others without offering anything in return. This goes against the core values of fairness and equality that hold importance in Islam.
In conclusion according to the teachings of the Quran and Hadith participating in dice games is considered forbidden (haram) in Islam. The Quran portrays gambling as a practice influenced by Satan’s work while Hadiths explicitly denounce all forms of gambling including dice games.
The reason for the prohibition is that gambling is considered a form of deception, injustice, and a source of evil. Therefore, playing dice is not in line with the teachings of Islam, and Muslims should avoid engaging in such activities.