The practice of bleaching, particularly skin and face bleaching has garnered significant attention within the Muslim community. This article aims to provide a thorough exploration of whether bleaching, in its various forms, is considered haram (prohibited) in Islam.
We will use references from the Quran and Hadith that pertain to skin and facing bleaching haram in Islam.
Table of Contents
Is Skin Bleaching Haram in Islam?
Skin bleaching is an act of changing the skin color of one skin either to look good or for medical purposes. Skin bleaching may be considered haram for someone who has black skin and then changes the entirety of the skin to white. Below are references from the Quran and Hadith:
While the Quran does not directly mention bleaching, it contains several verses that offer insight into broader principles that can be applied to the practice:
Maintaining Good Health
وَأَنفِقُوا۟ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا۟ بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى ٱلتَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوٓاۛ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَQuran 2:195
And spend in the cause of God, and do not throw yourselves with your own hands into ruin, and be charitable. God loves the charitable.Translation of Quran 2:195
If bleaching poses potential health risks, it may be deemed haram, as causing harm to oneself is prohibited in Islam.
Contentment with Allah’s Creation
فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًۭاۚ فِطْرَتَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّتِى فَطَرَ ٱلنَّاسَ عَلَيْهَاۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ ٱللَّهِۚ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلْقَيِّمُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ ٱلنَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَSurah Ar-Rum, 30:30
So devote yourself to the religion of monotheism—the natural instinct God has instilled in mankind. There is no altering God’s creation. This is the true religion, but most people do not know.Translation of Quran 30:30
This particular verse of the Quran reminds Muslims that Allah has created humans in the best form. Altering one’s natural appearance through bleaching might be seen as an act of dissatisfaction with Allah’s creation, which goes against Islamic teachings.
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا ٱلْإِنسَـٰنَ فِىٓ أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍۢQuran 95:4
Indeed, We created humans in the best form.Translation of Quran 95:4
Hadith References on Bleaching
While the Hadith does not particularly address bleaching, there are several narrations that highlight relevant principles:
It was narrated from ‘Ubadah bin Samit that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) ruled:
“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.”Sunan Ibn Majah 2340
If bleaching causes harm to the body, it may conflict with this Hadith.
Alqamah bin Waqqas al Laithi said that he heard Umar bin al-Khattab addressing the people, and he said:
I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: “Action is but by intention and each person will have but that which he intended. So whoever migrated for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, then his migration was for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, whoever migrated for some worldly purpose or for the sake of a woman whom he could marry, his migration was for the purpose for which he migrated.”Musnad Ahmad 300
The Hadith emphasizes that actions are judged by intentions. If one’s intention behind bleaching is to address a legitimate skin condition or medical issue, scholars may view it differently than when motivated solely by cosmetic concerns.
Is Face Bleaching Haram in Islam?
Face bleaching may be considered haram If the bleaching cream contains chemical substances that can damage the skin, cause allergies, and burn the skin.
Many face bleaching products contain chemicals that can lead to skin damage, including burns and pigmentation disorders. Scholars may argue that engaging in such practices is haram.
Face bleaching may be considered halal or permissible if it is used to correct a dark spot on one’s face. If someone is dark skin is using this cream to change his entire color to white is considered haram.
Are there any references to bleaching in the Quran or Hadith?
The Quran and Hadith do not explicitly mention bleaching, but broader principles and guidance can be applied to determine the permissibility of specific bleaching practices.
What if someone uses skin bleaching products for medical reasons?
If skin bleaching is medically necessary to treat a specific condition, it may be permissible in Islam. Intention and necessity play a significant role in determining the permissibility of such actions.