In the teachings of Islam it is crucial to follow the concepts of halal and haram (forbidden). A topic that has received attention and sparked debates is whether shisha also known as hookah or water pipe is considered halal or haram according to Islam.
In this article we will explain this subject in depth by examining the teachings of the Quran and Hadith as well as considering the perspectives of different schools of thought such, as Hanafi, Maliki, Hanbali, and Salafi.
Is Shisha Permissible or Forbidden in Islam based on the Quran and Hadith?
To determine if shisha is allowed or prohibited (halal or haram) in Islam it is essential to analyze the guidance provided by the Quran and Hadith. These two sources serve as references for Muslims seeking guidance. The Quran offers principles that can be applied to assess whether certain practices are permissible and the Hadith which consists of sayings and actions attributed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) can provide insight into this matter.
“…He commands them to do good and forbids them from evil, permits for them what is lawful and forbids to them what is impure, and relieves them from their burdens and the shackles that bound them…”Quran 7:157
The Quran emphasizes the importance of maintaining health and avoiding substances that may harm our bodies. It also encourages moderation in all aspects of life.
Although shisha is not specifically mentioned in the Quran itself scholars interpret its teachings as encompassing principles related to health preservation and moderation. Hence the acceptability of shisha needs to be analyzed considering the viewpoints of scholars.
Hanafi View on Shisha
Different opinions exist within the Hanafi school of thought regarding the permissibility of shisha. Some Hanafi scholars regard it as forbidden (haram) due to its impact on health involving the inhalation of smoke and addictive substances.
They argue that anything that causes harm to the body is not allowed in Islam. On the other hand, there are Hanafi scholars who argue that if shisha does not involve addictive substances it can be considered permissible (halal).
Maliki View on Shisha
In general, the Maliki school of thought deems shisha as forbidden (haram). Maliki scholars believe that smoking including shisha has documented effects and goes against Islamic principles of safeguarding one’s health. They advocate avoiding anything that poses a risk to being.
Hanbali View on Shisha
Within the Hanbali school of thought there is agreement among scholars that shisha’s haram. This view is based on the prohibition of smoking due to its harm to the body and contradiction with principles emphasizing health preservation and avoidance of anything leading to harm.
Salafi View on Shisha
Similarly in line with schools of thought like Salafi shisha is generally regarded as haram. According to Salafi scholars, smoking, including shisha is considered detrimental to ones health which goes against the principles of Islam. They stress the significance of safeguarding ones well being and refraining from activities that could cause harm.
In summary the issue of whether shisha is considered halal (permissible), in Islam has sparked a range of opinions among scholars. Although the Quran offers principles on health and moderation it does not specifically address shisha.
Various schools of thought present different perspectives on this matter. Within the Hanafi school, there are differing views; some deem it halal as long as it’s not harmful or addictive while others consider it haram (forbidden) due to potential health risks.
While the Maliki, Hanbali and Salafi schools generally consider shisha to be haram due to their emphasis, on the negative impact smoking has on ones health.