Salah is one of the five pillars of Islam which is obligatory for every Muslim. It is mandatory to wear a dress they are Islamically fit for salah else it can invalidate one’s prayer.
When it comes to dressing for salah both men and women are required to follow guidelines according to the Quran and Sunnah. In this article, we will explain how to dress for salah for male and female in Islam.
How to Dress for Salah for Male
For men dressing appropriately for salah involves considering factors. Firstly their attire should be modest. Cover the awrah – the areas that are considered private and must be covered in front of others. According to the sunnah, the awrah for men during salah extends from the navel to the knees.
1. Covering the Awrah
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated; “Whatever is, between the navel and knee is considered awrah.” (Abu Dawud) Based on this Hadith it is important for men to ensure that their clothing adequately covers this area when performing salah.
2. Fabric to Wear for Salah
When it comes to selecting the fabric it is advised that men opt for presentable attire crafted from breathable materials, like cotton or linen. It is important to avoid clothing that’s overly tight or revealing as this contradicts the values of modesty upheld in Islam.
3. Avoiding Clothing with Pictures
It is prohibited to wear clothes or garments that have images, be it a picture of a celebrity, a teddy bear, etc. It is also recommended to refrain from wearing clothes that have symbols or slogans that might divert attention from the act of worship or convey messages contrary to the teaching of Islam.
4. Ensuring Cleanliness
Before performing salah, men need to ensure that their clothing and bodies are clean. This involves performing ablution (wudu) and wearing garments as cleanliness is imperative before performing salah.
5. Covering the Shoulders
Although not obligatory, it is recommended for men to cover their shoulders during salah.
Dressing for Salah for Women
Similarly, women are expected to follow guidelines regarding their dressing when engaging in salah. Modesty and decency are very important in Islam extending to how women dress for prayer.
1. Covering the Body
According to the Quran women are advised to “And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their chastity, and not to reveal their adornments except what normally appears. Let them draw their veils over their chests and not reveal their hidden adornments except to their husbands, their fathers,…” (Quran 24:31).
According to this verse it is advised for women to dress modestly by covering their bodies excluding their face and hands especially when they are in the company of men who are not related to them.
Hence, during salah (prayer) women should make sure that their attire adequately covers their body while maintaining a fitting style.
2. Wearing the Hijab
The hijab holds importance in Islam as a symbol of modesty and devotion during salah. Women must cover their hair, neck, and bosom, with a headscarf when performing salah.
3. Choosing Modest and Non-transparent Fabrics
To maintain the principles of modesty women should opt for clothing made from fabrics that do not reveal the contours of their bodies or expose their skin underneath. Transparent or see-through garments are not suitable for salah.
4. Avoiding Tight or Revealing Clothing
Like men women should avoid wearing form fitting attire that highlights the shape of their bodies during salah. The focus during prayer should center on devotion and surrender to Allah rather than appearance.
5. Covering the Feet
It is recommended for women to cover their feet either with garments or socks when performing salah. There are two opinions regarding this, the majority of Islamic Scholars conclude that a woman must cover their feet whilst performing salah while other scholars say the opposite.
6. Maintaining Cleanliness
Similar to men, women should ensure they are in a state of cleanliness before engaging in salah by performing ablution and wearing garments free from impurities.
7. Avoid Perfumes and fragrances in the Mosque
It is prohibited for women to avoid wearing perfumes or strong scents while going for salah in congregation in the mosque because she may attract men looking in her direction when they perceive the smell. However, a woman can pray with perfumes in her house if she desires.
Both men and women need to dress appropriately when performing salah which is an act of worship in Islam. Muslims are guided by principles of modesty, decency, and cleanliness in their choice of attire during prayers.
By following these guidelines individuals can ensure that their clothing reflects their devotion to Allah during salah.
Dressing for salah goes beyond appearance; it serves as a reflection of one’s piety and submission to Allah’s will. May our prayers be accepted by Allah. May we find success in our worship.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Dressing for Salah
1. Is there a requirement to wear colors or styles of clothing for Salah?
Islam does not mandate any colors or styles of clothing for salah. The focus is on modesty, cleanliness and appropriately covering the awrah.
2. Can men wear shorts if they cover the awrah during salah?
While covering the awrah is important, it is recommended for men to wear garments like pants or long shorts that extend from the navel to the knees during salah. Wearing shorts that don’t cover the knees has nullified the salah.
3. Is it necessary for women to wear a dress or abaya when performing salah?
Although women should choose attire that covers their entire body including a headscarf there are no rigid rules regarding the specific style of clothing. The primary focus lies in ensuring modesty and appropriately covering the awrah.
4. Is it acceptable for women to wear makeup or jewelry while performing salah?
It is generally advised for women to keep their appearance simple during salah avoiding the use of makeup or jewelry that may divert their focus from worship. However, wearing light and modest adornments is permissible as long as they do not attract attention.
5. What should I do if I cannot find attire for Salah?
If one is unable to find clothing specifically designated for salah they should make an effort to improvise with the options while ensuring that their attire adheres to the principles of modesty and adequately covers the awrah.
6. Can I pray in my work or school uniform if it meets the requirements of modesty?
Yes, it is permissible to perform salah in a work or school uniform as it fulfills the criteria of modesty and appropriately covers the awrah. The crucial aspect is that the clothing should be clean and respectful.
7. Are there guidelines regarding dressing for seasons or weather conditions when performing salah?
When it comes to what to wear for salah during seasons there aren’t any fixed rules. However, individuals need to consider the weather and choose clothing that’s both modest and covers the awrah.
8. Can I perform salah in clothing that has minor imperfections or stains?
It is recommended to wear clean and presentable clothing for salah free from major impurities like semen or bad stains. However, minor stains that do not compromise the modesty or cleanliness of the attire are acceptable.
9. Should I wear a specific type of head covering for Salah as a woman?
While the hijab is the most common form of head covering for women during salah any modest head covering that conceals the hair, neck, and bosom is acceptable.